Applying Newton’s First Law of Motion to an ETF

Jim Woods

Jim Woods has over 20 years of experience in the markets from working as a stockbroker, financial journalist, and money manager.

The Fidelity Momentum Factor ETF (FDMO) is a U.S.-stock-based exchange-traded fund (ETF) that tracks large- and mid-cap companies which have been performing well recently.


As the great Sir Isaac Newton once famously stated as his first law of motion, “an object in motion will stay in motion.” If this statement is applied to investing, and FDMO specifically, one could say that the ETF’s management bases its investments on the theory that a stock in motion tends to stay in motion.

Momentum investing, according to academics, is one of the few broad general strategies that truly seems to beat the market over time, taking the entire of history of the market into account. What is not clear, however, is whether this theory still holds in the modern market environment.

As this information has become fairly well known in recent years, it may already be priced into markets. The long-term results of momentum investing could be due to underlying strength in companies, investor psychological factors, both of these, or something else entirely.


FDMO invests in big, household names that “exhibit positive momentum signals.” Additionally, as befits its overall investment strategy, the fund’s sector allocations closely align with recent top-performing segments. For example, FDMO’s two biggest sectors by allocation are information technology (25.41%) and financials (14.20%), which, according to Fidelity, are two of the best-performing sectors over the last year.

This year, FDMO has returned 2.43%. Over the last 12 months, though, the return was a more impressive 17.12%. The expense ratio of 0.29% is reasonable and the fund pays a modest yield of 1.13%. Assets total about $75 million, which puts the fund on the small side.

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Top holdings for FDMO include Apple Inc. (AAPL), 4.03%; Microsoft Corp. (MSFT), 3.54%; Inc. (AMZN), 3.09%; Facebook Inc. (FB), 2.29%; and JPMorgan Chase & CO. (JPM), 2.09%. Plus, 24.14% of FDMO’s assets are invested in its top 10 holdings.

If you believe that investments that have gone up recently will continue to go rise, the Fidelity Momentum Factor ETF (FDMO) has an investment strategy that may align with your investing philosophy.

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