Do Mergers Meaningfully Move the Market?

Chris Versace

Chris Versace is a financial columnist and equity analyst with more than 20 years of experience in the investment industry.
[woman holding smartphone]

It looks like the mergers & acquisition (M&A) wave is continuing, particularly in the telecommunications space, given the recent news that Dish Network (DISH) and T-Mobile USA (TMUS) are in discussions to merge. “Discussions” means they are attempting to hammer out a deal; there are scant details, and there is a possibility, no matter how remote, those talks could collapse with nothing done. Let the failed merger between Comcast (CMCSA) and Time Warner Cable (TWC) serve as a reminder that just because two companies are talking, for various reasons a transaction may not occur.

If consummated, the merger would continue the wave of telecom deals during the last several months that has included AT&T’s (T) $49 billion deal for DirecTV (DTV) and Charter Communications’ (CHTR) announced total of $67 billion in deals that would roll up Time Warner Cable and Bright House Networks to create the second-largest U.S. cable operator. Continued success for investment bankers who would stand to collect a slew of fees, but when we really think about it, what other choice did these two companies have?

T-Mobile USA is the fourth-largest wireless carrier, and Dish is the country’s second-largest satellite TV operator. Neither is exactly the best of breed or the pole position leader in their respective industries. If we look at the shifting landscape in which their competitors, such as AT&T, Verizon Communications (VZ) and Comcast have been offering telephone, entertainment, mobile and high-speed Internet, T-Mobile USA and Dish were akin to the stragglers at a near-ending game of musical chairs. It’s looking like Sprint (S) could be the lone player standing when the music stops.

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As I said a few weeks ago on the news that Charter Communications was pursuing Time Warner Cable, this potential Dish combination with T-Mobile USA smells of desperation. Should the deal be consummated, what’s the competitive differentiation between the offerings from AT&T, Verizon and Comcast? Most likely price — and, as we’ve seen time and time again, that is a disastrous strategy for margins and earnings.

That’s even before we consider the effect of over-the-top programming, like Hulu, streaming services like those from Amazon (AMZN) or Netflix (NFLX), and others like Apple’s (AAPL) existing iTunes catalog or the much-rumored streaming TV service.

What does it say about their strategy to combine at a time when consumers are looking to cut cords? While the strategy behind a T-Mobile USA-Dish deal may have been ideal several years ago, in today’s world of the Always On, Always Connected consumer living in a content-driven world, how would the new company build a competitive moat around its services? I’m far more intrigued by the move by John Malone to use Lions Gate (LGF) to consolidate programming companies. Even the recently announced deal between Verizon Communications (VZ) and AOL (AOL) makes much more sense than the T-Mobile USA-Dish combination or the Time Warner Cable-Charter one.

Taking a page from what I usually say about the consumer electronics industry, the lion’s share of market share tends to consolidate around the top three players, with something slightly bigger than crumbs falling to the other players. We also know that, more often than not, mergers between companies of this size tend not to realize all the synergies and promises the management team gushes over when selling the deal — more reasons to be skeptical.

For those investors wondering what to do, I have two suggestions. First, stick with the best-of-breed companies that are offering services that consumers want. Second, if we’ve learned anything from Netflix aside from that streaming is the modality that consumers want, it’s also that content is king. With that in mind, there are several companies that I’m looking at on behalf of my Growth & Dividend Report subscribers, including Disney (DIS), AMC Networks (AMCX) and Time Warner (TWX).

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In case you missed it, I encourage you to read my e-letter column from last week about how the Fed’s “jawboning” could benefit dividend payers. I also invite you to comment in the space provided below my commentary.

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